Spoonbills are a group of large, long-legged wading birds in the family Threskiornithidae. They are most closely related to the Old World ibises. All spoonbills have large, flat, spatulate bills and feed by wading through shallow water, sweeping the partly opened bill from side to side. Spoonbills generally prefer fresh water to salt but are found in both environments. They need to feed many hours each day.