Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi (19 November 1828 - 17/18 June 1858) was an Indian queen and warrior. She was one of the leaders of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and became for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the rule of the British East India Company in India. Manikarnika was born into a Maratha family at Varanasi.
Manikarnika was one of the great freedom fighter in India. She was married to Raja Gangadhar Rao, the Maharaja of Jhansi in 1842 and became the Rani of Jhansi. After her marriage Manikarnika became Lakshmibai, so named in honour of the goddess Lakshmi.
In 1851, Rani Lakshmibai had a son, Damodar Rao. He died at the age of about four months. On the day before the raja’s death in November 1853, he adopted a son. After the death of her husband the head of the British government of India, Lord Dalhousie, refused to allow her adopted son to become raja and Jhansi was then ruled by the British. She was fighting against British for Jhansi.
She always use or carry her weapons with her. According to tradition with Damodar Rao on her back she jumped on her horse Badal from the fort. They survived but the horse died. In the battle of Kotah ki Serai in which the British forces commanded by Sir Hugh Rose conquered Gwalior, fought on 17 and 18 June 1858, she died.