Kasturba Mohandas Gandhi (11 April 1869 - 22 February 1944) was the wife of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. In association with her husband, Kasturba Gandhi was a political activist fighting for civil rights and Indian independence from the British. She was born to Gokuladas and Vrajkunwerba Kapadia of Porbandar. Kasturba was married to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in an arranged marriage in 1883. Working closely with her husband, Kasturba Gandhi became a political activist fighting for civil rights and Indian independence from the British.
After Gandhi moved to South Africa to practice law, she travelled to South Africa in 1897 to be with her husband. From 1904 to 1914, she was active in the Phoenix Settlement near Durban. During the 1913 protest against working conditions for Indians in South Africa, Kasturba was arrested and sentenced to three months in a hard labour prison. Later, in India, she sometimes took her husband’s place when he was under arrest. In 1915, when Gandhi returned to India to support indigo planters,
Kasturba accompanied him. She taught hygiene, discipline, health, reading and writing.