Eggplant is a species of nightshade grown for its edible fruit. It is known in South Asia, Southeast Asia and South Africa as brinjal. While “eggplant” is the common name in American, Canadian and Australian English. The eggplant is a delicate, tropical perennial often cultivated as a tender or half-hardy annual in temperate climates. It grows 40 to 150 cm tall. Different varieties of the plant produce fruit of different size, shape and color, though typically purple.
In tropical and subtropical climates, eggplant can be sown directly into the garden. Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost is passed. Seeds are typically started eight to ten weeks prior to the anticipated frost-free date. Nutritionally, eggplant is low in fat, protein and carbohydrates. It also contains relatively low amounts of most important vitamins and minerals.